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The Tathams of County Durham
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Ernest Tatham Richmond

Male 1874 - 1955  (80 years)



  • Name Ernest Tatham Richmond  [1, 2, 3
    Birth 15 Aug 1874  Hammersmith Find all individuals with events at this location   [1, 2, 4
    Residence Apr 1881  Wishford Cottage, 8 Eastney View, Portsea Find all individuals with events at this location   [2
    • visitor
    Education abt 1887 - 1892  Clifton College Find all individuals with events at this location   [5, 6, 7
    • Richmond, Ernest Tatham; b. 15.8.74; br. of John Sebastian Richmond; DH; 4b-5b; L. 1892-1; Architect; 1914 War, Maj. Staff; Dir.-Gen. Public Monuments, Palestine; Min., Public Works, Egypt. [Clifton College Register]
    Residence Apr 1891  28 College Rd, Clifton Find all individuals with events at this location   [5
    • boarder
    Occupation aft 1900  Architect  [3
    Marriage 17 Jul 1906  St George, Hanover Square, Mayfair Find all individuals with events at this location   [3, 8, 9
    Margaret Muriel Lubbock,   b. abt Feb 1879, London Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Mar 1959, Cawley Nursing Home, Cawley Rd, Chichester Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Degree/Qualif. abt 1910  FRIBA  [3
    Occupation bef 1911  Egypt Find all individuals with events at this location ; Architect, Ministry of Public Works  [6
    Post/Rank/Title 1915  Sheriff, County of London  [6
    Military Service abt 1917 - 1918  Lieutenant RNVR; temp. army Captain DAAG  [6
    • War Office, 3rd January, 1918. Regular Forces. Commands and Staff. - The undermentioned appts. are made: - Special Appointments: - (Graded for purposes of pay as a D.A.A.G.) - Ernest Tatham -Richmond, late Lt., R.N.V.R., and to be temp. Capt., Gen. List, 12th Dec. 1917. [2nd Supplement to London Gazette of 01 Jan 1918, issue no. 30455, 03 Jan 1918, p.1]
    Residence abt 1921  The Elms, Ditchling Find all individuals with events at this location   [3
    Occupation 1922 - 1927  Palestine Government Official  [10
    • Passengers on P&O "China" dep London 10 Feb 1922: 2nd class, dest Port Said, resid England, UK addr The Elms, Ditchling, Sussex: Ernest Richmond, 47, Palestine Gov. Off.; Mrs Margaret Richmond, 43; Anne Richmond, 13; Elizabeth Richmond, 10.
    Residence 1922 -  Palestine Find all individuals with events at this location   [10
    Occupation abt 1927 - 1937  Director of Antiquities in Palestine FRIBA  [6
    Death 05 Mar 1955  Gloucester Find all individuals with events at this location   [6, 9, 11, 12
    Notes 
    • Ernest T. Richmond, 1874 - 1974.
      Archaeologist and architect in Egypt during World War I.
      Ernest T. Richmond served the Mission to Palestine as consulting architect for the Dome of the Rock Mosque in Jerusalem (1918 - 1919). As assistant to chief secretary Wyndham Deedes and then to Gilbert Clayton (1920 - 1924), he was given control of the Political Department of the Secretariat as a result of high commissioner Herbert Samuel's desire to protect Arab interests and to restrain Zionist excesses. Members of the Arab Executive saw Richmond as virtually their only friend in the British administration of Palestine. He was strongly disliked by the Zionists for his sympathies with the Arabs of Palestine and his opposition to Zionism.
      Richmond helped secure the appointment of alHajj Amin al-Husayni as mufti of Jerusalem and president of the Supreme Muslim Council (SMC). He sought to expand the powers of the mufti and the jurisdiction of the SMC and to promote the latter as a partial counterweight to the Jewish Agency. Richmond became chief adviser to the high commissioner on Muslim affairs. When he resigned, he was appointed to the nonpolitical position of director of antiquities, in which capacity he served until 1937. [Jenab Tutunji in Answers.com accessed 01 Mar 2009]
    • E. T. Richmond Papers
      The collection comprises personal and family correspondence, much of it from Richmond to his wife during periods of separation while on service in Egypt (1895-1911), during war service in Belgium, Gibraltar and France (1914-1918) and while working for the administration in Palestine (1920-1924, 1927-1937), as well as during his travels in Britain and in Italy. In addition Richmond wrote extensively to his brother Sir Herbert Richmond and those letters which relate chiefly to affairs in Palestine were preserved by Sir Herbert and returned to Richmond after his death. The collection also includes diaries of Richmond and his wife and articles and essays by Richmond on a variety of subjects related to his service in Egypt and Palestine. There is a strong religious bias to much of Richmond's writings, particularly after his conversion to Catholicism in 1926. After his retirement in 1937 Richmond spent a short time living in Italy and kept notebooks and diaries on the history and architecture of the country. Other family records include photographs of Mrs. Richmond's family.
      About the creator:
      Ernest Tatham Richmond was born in 1874, the son of Sir William Blake Richmond, the painter.
      He first travelled to Egypt in 1895 to help Somers Clarke prepare illustrations for his book on the Temple of Amenhotep III and the following year was appointed Assistant Architect to the Comité pour la Conservation des Monuments de l'Art Arabe in Cairo under Herz Bey. From 1902 to 1903 he was attached to the Royal Engineers and worked for the Army of Occupation under General Talbot, building barracks and houses for the troops. The following year he was appointed to a position as architect to the Ministry of Public Works in Cairo and from 1900 to 1911 was Director of the Department of Towns and State Buildings at the Ministry. During this period he married Margaret Muriel Lubbock and set up home in a newly constructed house at Zenein. He became increasingly disenchanted with life in Egypt and in particular unhappy with the separations from his wife and three young children, and in 1911 gave up his position to return to private architectural practice in England.
      In 1914 with the outbreak of war, Richmond joined the ambulance service, serving for a short time in Belgium. The following year he was appointed to a position in the Ministry of Works, with responsibility for the supply of grenades. In late 1915 an accident with a grenade damaged his left hand and affected his health in general. His next appointment was to a temporary commission as Lieutenant in the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, probably in naval intelligence, when he saw service in Gibraltar for 7 months in 1917. Dissatisfied with the work, he requested a return to England in September of that year. After a short period as architect to the War Graves Commission in France, he spent the remaining months of the war as consulting architect to the Haram al-Sharif in Jerusalem.
      In 1919 Richmond returned to London and worked in partnership with Herbert Baker. The following year he received an invitation from the High Commissioner in Palestine to join the administration as a link between it and the Arab population. He served as Assistant Civil Secretary (Political) with special responsibility for Arab affairs from 1921 to 1924. Increasingly out of step with the administration, he resigned his post in 1924 and spent the next three years in England. In 1927 he returned to Palestine as Director of Antiquities, retiring ten years later.
      In 1926 Richmond was accepted into the Roman Catholic Church, and thereafter his strong religious faith played a major part in his life and features prominently in his writings. Plans to settle in Italy after retirement were abandoned with the outbreak of war and Richmond settled in Gloucestershire where he continued to write and to take an interest in affairs in Palestine. He died in 1955.
      Richmond's publications include "Building methods in Egypt", in the Journal of the Royal Institute of British Architects, 3rd series, v 18 no 15 (1911); "The significance of Cairo", in the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (Jan 1913); "British policy in Palestine and the Mandate" in The Near East, 26 Mar 1925, 329-331; 2 Apr 1925, 351-2; and 9 Apr 1925, 381-2; "'England' in Palestine" in The Nineteenth Century, Jul 1925, 46-51; The sites of the crucifixion and the resurrection, London, Catholic Truth Society (1935); "Basilica of the Nativity" and "The Church of the Nativity" in Quarterly of the Department of Antiquities in Palestine, 5 no 3 & 6 no 2 (1936); "Dictatorship in the Holy Land", in The Nineteenth Century and After, 123 (Feb 1938), 186-192.
      Arrangement:
      The papers are arranged chronologically within the following sections: 1. Family Correspondence A. E.T. Richmond correspondence(i) Egypt, 1895-1911 (ii) Private practice, 1911-1912 (iii) World War I, 1914-1918 (iv) Private practice in London, 1920 (v) Palestine, 1920-1924, 1927-1937 (vi) Retirement, 1937-1955 (vii) E.T. Richmond's death B. Margaret Muriel Richmond correspondence C. Other family members 2. Writings by E.T. Richmond and M.M.Richmond (including diaries) A. E.T. Richmond's diaries B. M.M. Richmond's diaries C. E.T. Richmond's articles and essays(i) Egypt (ii) Munitions (iii) Palestine (iv) Italy (v) Religion and other subjects (vi) Hilaire Belloc 3. Writings by other authors 4. Family records, including photographs 5. Photographic material other than family photographs 6. Ephemera 7. Books, including devotional literature.
      Collection name: E. T. Richmond Papers. Collection code: GB 033 RIC. Date range: ca. 1878-1955. Extent: 2 metres. Language: English; Arabic. Created by: Ernest Tatham Richmond. Held by: Durham University Library, Archives and Special Collections. Provenance: Deposited by Mrs. Sally Morphet on behalf of Richmond's grandchildren (Sally Morphet, Sophie Richmond, Emma Shackle and Sam Richmond), 2002.
      [Durham University Library]
    • not found in 1901, 1911 census
    Person ID I2492  Tatham | Richmond branch | Descendant
    Last Modified 18 Sep 2013 

    Father William Blake Richmond,   b. 29 Nov 1842, 16 Beaumont St, Marylebone Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Feb 1921, Beavor Lodge, Hammersmith Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 78 years) 
    Mother Clara Jane Richards,   b. abt May 1846, Cardiff Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Nov 1915, Hammersmith Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 69 years) 
    Marriage 30 Nov 1867  St Thomas, Ryde Find all individuals with events at this location   [3, 13, 14, 15
    • On the 30th Nov., at St. Thomas's Church, Ryde, by the Rev. David Wright. M.A., incumbent of St. Mary Magdalene, Stoke Bishop, Gloucestershire, assisted by the Rev. H. Girdlestone, vicar of Newchurch, Isle of Wight, William Blake Richmond, Esq., to Clara Jane, youngest daughter of the late William Richards, Esq., of Ely-rise, Llandaff. [The Times]
    Notes 
    • [Herbert William Richmond's] father and mother married in 1867 and spent the next three years abroad, chiefly in Italy. I remember, years ago, seeing in a little old pension at Assisi, long since closed, the walls that had been frescoed by William Richmond during his residence. [G M Trevelyan, An Autobiography & Other Essays]
    • Apr 1891: no children resid with parents at Beavor Lodge
    • Mar 1901: family away; Beavor Lodge occupied by caretaker & 3 maids.
    Family ID F0611  Family Group Sheet

    Family Margaret Muriel Lubbock,   b. abt Feb 1879, London Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Mar 1959, Cawley Nursing Home, Cawley Rd, Chichester Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 80 years) 
    Marriage 17 Jul 1906  St George, Hanover Square, Mayfair Find all individuals with events at this location   [3, 8, 9
    Notes 
    • 2 births presumed not connected to this family:
      * Nora C Richmond reg Alexandria 1906-1910 [GRO Consular birth indices vol 12 no 1141].
      * Katharine E C Richmond reg Alexandria 1911-1915 [GRO Consular birth indices no 814].
    • Family letters in the archive at Durham University show that Margaret spent very little time in Egypt, if any, during the years that her husband worked there.
      It is also uncertain if Elizabeth was born in Egypt.
    Children 
     1. Anne Richmond,   b. 07 Mar 1908, 74 Eaton Place, Westminster Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. abt Aug 1980, Surrey N W Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 72 years)
    +2. John Christopher Blake Richmond,   b. 07 Sep 1909, Hitcham Vale House, Taplow Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 06 Jul 1990, Durham C Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 80 years)
    +3. Elizabeth Richmond,   b. 1911, Egypt Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Feb 1986, Isle of Mull Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 75 years)
    Last Modified 03 Aug 2014 
    Family ID F0617  Family Group Sheet

  • Event Map Click to display
    Link to Google MapsBirth - 15 Aug 1874 - Hammersmith Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - Apr 1881 - Wishford Cottage, 8 Eastney View, Portsea Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsEducation - abt 1887 - 1892 - Clifton College Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - Apr 1891 - 28 College Rd, Clifton Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarriage - < - 17 Jul 1906 - St George, Hanover Square, Mayfair Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarriage - 17 Jul 1906 - St George, Hanover Square, Mayfair Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - Architect, Ministry of Public Works - bef 1911 - Egypt Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - abt 1921 - The Elms, Ditchling Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1922 - - Palestine Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDeath - 05 Mar 1955 - Gloucester Link to Google Earth
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  • Sources 
    1. [S02] BMD Index, birth reg Kensington, 3Q1874.

    2. [S01] Census, UK, 1881.
      age 6 b Hammersmith

    3. [S04] H Curtis: Notes for a Pedigree of the Tathams of Co. Durham.

    4. [S04] H Curtis: Notes for a Pedigree of the Tathams of Co. Durham.
      MS additions to copy in SoG

    5. [S01] Census, UK, 1891.
      age 16 b Hammersmith

    6. [S05] The Times, obituary, 09 Mar 1955.

    7. [S20] School and College Registers, Clifton College.

    8. [S02] BMD Index, marriage reg SGHS, 3Q1906.

    9. [S13] thePeerage.com.

    10. [S12] Passenger Lists, China, 10 Feb 1922.

    11. [S02] BMD Index, death reg Gloucester C, 1Q1955.

    12. [S07] Other Sources, Durham University Library.

    13. [S21] Dictionary of National Biography.

    14. [S02] BMD Index, marriage reg IOW, 4Q1867.

    15. [S05] The Times, marriage notice, 04 Dec 1867.