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Herbert William  Richmond

Herbert William Richmond

Male 1871 - 1946  (75 years)


  • Name Herbert William Richmond  [1, 2, 3
    Birth 15 Sep 1871  Beavor Lodge, Hammersmith Find all individuals with events at this location   [1, 3, 4
    Residence Apr 1881  Wishford Cottage, 8 Eastney View, Portsea Find all individuals with events at this location   [4
    • visitor
    Education abt 1885 - 1887  Royal Naval College, Dartmouth Find all individuals with events at this location   [2
    Occupation abt 1887 - 1931  Naval Officer  [1
    Marriage 08 Jul 1907  St Lawrence, East Rounton Find all individuals with events at this location   [1, 5, 6
    Florence Elsa Bell,   b. 09 Mar 1880, Kirkleatham Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 03 May 1971, Fulham Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Occupation Apr 1911  Captain, Royal Navy  [7
    Residence Apr 1911  95 Sloane St, Chelsea Find all individuals with events at this location   [7
    • with mother-in-law
    Occupation 1923 - 1925  Commander-in-Chief, East Indies Station  [2
    • Rear-Admiral Herbert W. Richmond, C.B., will leave Bombay to-day for his first cruise since taking up the post of Commander-in-Chief of the East Indies. In his flagship, the Southampton, Captain Noel F. Laurence, D.S.O., and accompanied by the Colombo, Captain J. Wolfe Murray, D.S.O., he will proceed to Colombo, and will spend Christmas there, remaining from December 21 to 29. The ships will then go to Trincomalee. [The Times, 18 Dec 1923]
    Post/Rank/Title 1925  Vice-Admiral  [2
    Residence 1925  Colombo Find all individuals with events at this location   [8
    • passengers on P&O SS Mantua arr London 18 Dec 1925 ex Yokohama: emb Aden, perm res Ceylon, UK res Rounton Grange, Northallerton: Richmond: Herbert Wm, 54, RN East India Station; Florence Elsa, 45; Mary Florence, 17; Bridget Horatia, 15; Valentine, 13; William Lowthian, 7.
    Occupation 1926  Commandant, Imperial Defence College  [1
    Post/Rank/Title 1926  KCB  [2
    Residence 1926  5 Lennox Gardens, Chelsea Find all individuals with events at this location   [1
    Post/Rank/Title Oct 1929  Admiral  [2
    Occupation 1934 - 1946  Downing College, Cambridge Find all individuals with events at this location ; Master  [2
    Death 15 Dec 1946  Downing College, Cambridge Find all individuals with events at this location   [2
    Notes 
    • Vice-Adm. Sir Herbert-William Richmond, b. 15 Sept., 1871; C.B., 1921; K.C.B., 1926; of 5, Lennox Gardens, S.W.1. Rear-Adm., 1920; Vice-Adm., 1925; Director of Staff Duties and Training, 1918. Pres. of the R.N. War College, Greenwich, 1920-23; C.-in-C. of the East Indies Squadron, 1923-25; Commdt., Imperial Defence College, 1926. For his War Services, see Debrett, etc. [Curtis]
    • Admiral Sir Herbert William Richmond (15 September 1871 at Beavor Lodge, Hammersmith, England - 15 December 1946 in Cambridge, England) was a prominent naval officer, who also served as Vere Harmsworth Professor of Imperial and Naval History at Cambridge University and Master of Downing College, Cambridge.
      The grandson of the portrait painter George Richmond and son of another artist, Sir William Blake Richmond the Slade Professor at Oxford University, Herbert Richmond joined the Royal Navy as a cadet in 1885. He served on the Australian Station and in the Hydrographic Service before qualifying as a torpedo officer in 1897. He began to develop a serious interest in naval history while serving in HMS Empress of India in 1897-98, HMS Ramillies in 1899, and HMS Canopus in 1899-1900.
      In 1900-1903, Richmond served in the flagship of the Channel Fleet HMS Majestic. Promoted to commander in 1903, he became first officer in HMS Crescent, flagship of the Cape of Good Hope Station. He was assigned to the Admiralty in 1906-08, where he served briefly as naval assistant to Admiral Jackie Fisher, 1st Baron Fisher. Inspired by the work of the naval historian Julian Corbett, Richmond began to research the naval aspects of the War of the Austrian Succession, which he completed in 1914, but which was not published until 1920.
      Promoted to captain, Richmond commanded HMS Dreadnought from 1909 to 1911, then, in 1911-12, the Torpedo School training ships HMS Furious and HMS Vindictive. In 1912, he founded the Naval Review (magazine), in order to promote innovative thought within the Royal Navy. Richmond became assistant director of operations on the Naval Staff in 1913-15 and liaison officer to the Italian Fleet in 1915. From those assignments, he went on to command HMS Commonwealth in 1916-18, served as director of staff duties and training in 1918, and commanded HMS Erin in 1919.
      Promoted to Rear-Admiral, he became admiral president of the Royal Naval College, Greenwich in 1920. In 1924, he was assigned as commander-in-chief, East Indies Squadron. Promoted to Vice-Admiral in 1925, he was created knight commander of the Order of the Bath in 1926. Returning to London in 1927, he became commandant of the Imperial Defence College. In 1929, he was promoted to Admiral and served as president of the International Conference on the Safety of Life at Sea. Following his retirement from the Royal Navy in 1931, Cambridge University appointed him Vere Harmsworth Professor of Imperial and Naval History, an academic chair he held from 1934 to 1936. In 1934, he was also elected master of Downing College, Cambridge, a post he held until his death in 1946. While Master of Downing College, he delivered the Ford Lectures in English History at Oxford University in 1943. [Wikipedia accessed 05 Feb 2009. See DNB article for fuller details]
    Person ID I2483  Tatham | Richmond branch | Descendant
    Last Modified 15 Jul 2013 

    Father William Blake Richmond,   b. 29 Nov 1842, 16 Beaumont St, Marylebone Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Feb 1921, Beavor Lodge, Hammersmith Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 78 years) 
    Mother Clara Jane Richards,   b. abt May 1846, Cardiff Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Nov 1915, Hammersmith Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 69 years) 
    Marriage 30 Nov 1867  St Thomas, Ryde Find all individuals with events at this location   [1, 2, 9, 10
    • On the 30th Nov., at St. Thomas's Church, Ryde, by the Rev. David Wright. M.A., incumbent of St. Mary Magdalene, Stoke Bishop, Gloucestershire, assisted by the Rev. H. Girdlestone, vicar of Newchurch, Isle of Wight, William Blake Richmond, Esq., to Clara Jane, youngest daughter of the late William Richards, Esq., of Ely-rise, Llandaff. [The Times]
    Notes 
    • [Herbert William Richmond's] father and mother married in 1867 and spent the next three years abroad, chiefly in Italy. I remember, years ago, seeing in a little old pension at Assisi, long since closed, the walls that had been frescoed by William Richmond during his residence. [G M Trevelyan, An Autobiography & Other Essays]
    • Apr 1891: no children resid with parents at Beavor Lodge
    • Mar 1901: family away; Beavor Lodge occupied by caretaker & 3 maids.
    Family ID F0611  Family Group Sheet

    Family Florence Elsa Bell,   b. 09 Mar 1880, Kirkleatham Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 03 May 1971, Fulham Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 91 years) 
    Marriage 08 Jul 1907  St Lawrence, East Rounton Find all individuals with events at this location   [1, 5, 6
    • The marriage of Commander Richmond, R.N., of the cruiser Crescent, second son of Sir William Richmond, R.A., and Lady Richmond, with Miss Elsa Bell, second daughter of Sir Hugh and Lady Bell, was celebrated yesterday at East Rounton, Northallerton. Sir Hugh Bell gave his daughter away. The bridesmaids were the Hon. Blanche Stanley, Miss Philippa Johnson (cousins of the bride), and Miss Clena Rathbourne. The best man was Lieutenant Talbot Ponsonby, R.N. The house party included Sir William and Lady Richmond, Lord and Lady Stanley of Alderley, Sir Frank Lascelles (British Ambassador in Berlin), Mr. C. P. Trevelyan, M.P., and Mrs Trevelyan, Miss Elizabeth Robins, and Mr. Chirol. The presents numbered about 300, and included to the bride a silver rose bowl from the Rounton and arncliffe tenantry, a diamond star from officials and workmen of the Clarence Iron Works, a diamond star fro the officials of Messrs. Bell Brothers (Limited), Middlesbrough, and a diamond star from officials and workmen of Messrs. Bell Brothers' collieries; and to the bridegroom, from the officers of the Crescent, a writing table. Admiral of the Fleet Sir John and Lady Fisher sent a green and gold china tea-set. Commander and Mrs. Richmond left in a motor-car for the English Lakes, where the honeymoon is to be spent. [The Times, 09 Jul 1907]
    • Sir Herbert married in 1907 Elsa, daughter of Sir Hugh Bell, of Rounton Grange, Northallerton, and had a son and four daughters. [The Times 17 Dec 1946]
    Children 
    +1. Mary Florence Richmond,   b. 20 Jun 1908, Chelsea Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Aug 1989, Canberra, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 81 years)
    +2. Bridget Horatia Richmond,   b. 05 May 1910, Rounton Grange, East Rounton Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Sep 2000, Martels Manor, Dunmow Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 90 years)
    +3. Valentine Richmond,   b. 06 Feb 1912, 55 Bury Rd, Alverstoke Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Jun 2008, American Colony Hotel, Jerusalem Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 96 years)
     4. William Herbert Lowthian Richmond,   b. 16 Dec 1918, 45 Egerton Crescent, Kensington Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Mar 1951, Westminster Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 32 years)
     5. Living
    Last Modified 10 Nov 2013 
    Family ID F0615  Family Group Sheet

  • Event Map Click to display
    Link to Google MapsBirth - 15 Sep 1871 - Beavor Lodge, Hammersmith Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - Apr 1881 - Wishford Cottage, 8 Eastney View, Portsea Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsEducation - abt 1885 - 1887 - Royal Naval College, Dartmouth Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarriage - < - 08 Jul 1907 - St Lawrence, East Rounton Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarriage - 08 Jul 1907 - St Lawrence, East Rounton Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - Apr 1911 - 95 Sloane St, Chelsea Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1925 - Colombo Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1926 - 5 Lennox Gardens, Chelsea Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - Master - 1934 - 1946 - Downing College, Cambridge Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDeath - 15 Dec 1946 - Downing College, Cambridge Link to Google Earth
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  • Photos
    Herbert William Richmond (1871-1946)
    Herbert William Richmond (1871-1946)

    Histories For copyright or privacy reasons, access is restricted.

  • Sources 
    1. [S04] H Curtis: Notes for a Pedigree of the Tathams of Co. Durham.

    2. [S21] Dictionary of National Biography.

    3. [S02] BMD Index, birth reg Kensington, 4Q1871.

    4. [S01] Census, UK, 1881.
      age 9

    5. [S02] BMD Index, marriage reg Stokesley, 3Q1907.

    6. [S13] thePeerage.com.

    7. [S01] Census, UK, 1911.
      age 39 b Hammersmith

    8. [S12] Passenger Lists, Mantua, 18 Dec 1925.

    9. [S02] BMD Index, marriage reg IOW, 4Q1867.

    10. [S05] The Times, marriage notice, 04 Dec 1867.