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The Tathams of County Durham
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Crosier  Surtees

Crosier Surtees

Male abt 1739 - 1803  (~ 64 years)


  • Name Crosier Surtees  [1
    Birth abt 1739  Northumberland? Find all individuals with events at this location   [2
    • Son of Crosier Surtees and Jane Hodgson
    Marriage 12 Sep 1769  Heighington Find all individuals with events at this location   [1
    Jane Surtees,   b. abt 1751, Co Durham? Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Death 21 Dec 1803  Linburn Beck Find all individuals with events at this location ; Cause: Drowning  [2
    Notes 
    • Surtees is a name of distinctively northern origin and derives from the Norman French Sur Tees meaning 'on the Tees. Originally the family was called Siward, a name of Anglo-Viking origin, but acquired the name Surtees when they settled by the River Tees at Dinsdale near Darlington.
      Descendants of this Dinsdale family included Robert Smith Surtees (1805-1864) of Hamsterley near Shotley Bridge (See North West Durham), County Durham. R. S. Surtees was the creator of 'Jorrocks' the fox hunting cockney grocer, whose antics appeared in the New Sporting Magazine and Jorrocks Jaunts and Jollities.
      Robert Surtees of Mainsforth near Ferryhill (1779-1834) the greatest historian of County Durham and the author of the History and Antiquities of the County Palatine of Durham. His four volume history of the county is still the most important historical reference work covering the County of Durham.
      On Tyneside, Bessie Surtees, the daughter of a wealthy Newcastle merchant achieved great fame in that city in 1772 when she defied the wishes of her father and sneaked out of her bedroom window in the middle of the night to elope with a humble young man by the name of John Scott. John Scott went on to become a wealthy peer, acquiring the barony of Eldon near Bishop Auckland and subsequently giving his name to Newcastle's Eldon Square. In 1801 Scott became Lord Chancellor of England. The historic Bessie Surtees House from which Bessie eloped can still be seen on Newcastle's quayside. It is now the headquarters for the regional office of English Heritage.
      [from Swindale Family History Notebook accessed 28 Nov 2010]
    • 1. Robert Surtees of Ryton was the second son of Edward Surties or Surtees of Broad Oak, in the parish of Ovingham (who died in 1655), by Margaret Coulsin, niece and heiress of Robert Surtees, alderman of Durham.
      2. Robert Surtees of Ryton, who married Catherine, daughter of John Hauxley of Crawcrook, died October 4th, 1710. He left several daughters and two sons.
      3. Hauxley Surtees married Ann Watson of Silksworth, and died 1719, without issue.
      4. Edward Surtees of Mainsworth died 1744, aged eighty-four years.
      5. Robert Surtees of Redworth, eldest son of Edward, by Jane Crozier, married Dorothy, daughter and co-heir of Thomas Lambton, Esq., of Hardwicke, and had two daughters, one of whom, Jane, married her cousin, Crozier Surtees of Redworth.
      6. George Surtees of Mainsworth, second son of Edward, died unmarried, 1769.
      7. Crozier Surtees of Merrysheels, in the county of Northumberland, married Jane, daughter of Ralph Hodgson, Esq., of Alwent, and was father of Crozier Surtees, Esq., who married his cousin, Jane Surtees of Redworth.
      8. Hauxley Surtees of Newcastle married Elizabeth Steele, and was father of Robert Surtees, who had Mainsforth by gift of his uncle, George Surtees, Esq.
      9. James Surtees was the youngest son of Edward Surtees.
      10. Robert Surtees of Ryton was the great great-grandfather of Robert Surtees of Mainsforth, the historian of Durham, born 1st April, 1779, at Durham, in the parish of St. Mary, in the South Bailey.
      [History of the Parish of Ryton, William Bourn, 1896]
    • Durham Light Infantry Museum: Officer's Grenadier Cap, Durham Militia, 1759-1761. This cap is made of brown fur with an embroidered plate (badge) on the front. The plate is made of silver wire with other coloured threads and has the letters 'DM' and the crest of the Earl of Darlington, who was Colonel of the Regiment. On the back of the cap is a green velvet bag with a silver net and tassel.
      The Grenadier Cap in the DLI Museum is extremely rare and it is the oldest known, surviving item of uniform worn by the Durham Militia. It belonged to Crosier Surtees of Redworth Hall near Newton Aycliffe. Born in 1739, he joined the Durham Militia when it was formed in 1759. Crosier Surtees retired in 1761 but not before he had his portrait painted. This painting, by an unknown artist, shows Lieutenant Surtees in his Militia uniform. His Grenadier Cap, now rather dark, is at the bottom of the painting. Acc No: 1092. [from Swindale Family History Notebook accessed 28 Nov 2010]
    Person ID I1759  Tatham | Christopher branch | Parent of spouse
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 

    Family Jane Surtees,   b. abt 1751, Co Durham? Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Marriage 12 Sep 1769  Heighington Find all individuals with events at this location ; Type: 1st cousins  [1
    Notes 
    • When Robert married Dorothy Lambton, of Hardwick, in 1744, his father - Edward of Mainsforth - was so displeased that he disinherited him. To spite his dad, Robert bought and rebuilt Redworth Hall, near Heighington. Robert's heiress was his daughter, Jane. Whoever married her would gain a fortune of 20,000 and Redford Grove. According to Hilary Jackson's history of Heighington, she was only 17 in 1769 when, urged on by her mother, she "rashly married her cousin Crosier Surtees, of Merryshields, who was a son of her father's brother". (Merryshields is probably near Hexham.) Says the Rev. Jackson: "Crosier was a mean and grasping man who had a brief and undistinguished career in the Durham Militia, the forerunner of Durham Light Infantry." His cap and portrait are on display in the DLI museum.
      Crosier, who was 13 years older than his wife, treated her cruelly. In 1800, after 31 years of marriage, they separated - probably because Crosier was carrying on with a local farm lass. He lived out the end of his days with her in Pennington Rake, an isolated farm on the moors above the forest. Jane, meanwhile, took up with a clergyman. Crosier's days ended quite suddenly. In 1803, he was returning, very drunk, from a banquet with Lord Barnard in Raby Castle. Somewhere on the moors, his horse failed to negotiate a stream properly. He tumbled from the saddle, fell into the water, and froze to death."
      [Northern Echo, Feb 6, 2008 cited in Swindale Family History Notebook accessed 28 Nov 2010]
      Note: Crosier was, in fact, living at Ewdean House very close to the site of the later Redford Grove. The stream where Crosier is said to have been found is Linburn Beck.
    • 7 children in all. He then had 4 illegitimate children with Jane Shaw. [from Swindale Family History Notebook accessed 28 Nov 2010]
    • Crosier Surtees, esq., of Merrysheales in Northumberland, who then became also "of Redworth, in Durham". By his wife Jane Surtees, he had, to survive infancy, three sons and four daughters, namely,
      I. Robert, his heir.
      II. George.
      III. James.
      i. Jane, married to George Charles Mensforth, esq. an officer in the army.
      ii. Dorothy, married to John Thomas Christopher, esq.
      iii. Lambton, married to William Williams, esq., of Durham. [unlikely to = William Williams, father in law of Henry Tatham & of Charles Heathcote Tatham]
      iv. Phillis, married to William Horne, esq., of London.
      Mr. Surtees died 21st December, 1803, and was succeeded by his eldest son, Robert Surtees, esq., of Redworth.
      [John Burke; A genealogical and heraldic history of the commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, enjoying territorial possessions or high official rank: but uninvested with heritable honours; vol 2, p. 658; London: Henry Colburn; 1835]
    Children 
    +1. Dorothy Surtees,   b. abt 1772, Redworth House, Heighington Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Dec 1856  (Age ~ 84 years)
    Last Modified 23 Aug 2014 
    Family ID F0143  Family Group Sheet

  • Event Map Click to display
    Link to Google MapsBirth - abt 1739 - Northumberland? Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarriage - < - 12 Sep 1769 - Heighington Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarriage - Type: 1st cousins - 12 Sep 1769 - Heighington Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDeath - Cause: Drowning - 21 Dec 1803 - Linburn Beck Link to Google Earth
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  • Sources 
    1. [S04] H Curtis: Notes for a Pedigree of the Tathams of Co. Durham.

    2. [S08] Family Trees & Websites, Swindale.
      Alan J Swindale Family History Notebook accessed 28 Nov 2010