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The Tathams of County Durham
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Frederick Tatham

Male 1805 - 1878  (72 years)



  • Name Frederick Tatham  [1, 2, 3
    Birth 31 Jul 1805  103 Park St, Mayfair Find all individuals with events at this location   [1, 2, 3, 4
    • baptism reg not found
    Education abt 1811 - 1815  St Paul's School, Cheapside, London Find all individuals with events at this location   [3
    Occupation abt 1826 -  Sculptor & Portrait Painter  [3
    • did sculpture of Lord Eldon in Lincoln's Inn
    Residence bef 1830  Alpha Rd, Regents Park Find all individuals with events at this location   [3
    Residence aft 1830  12 Charles St, Marylebone Find all individuals with events at this location   [3
    Marriage 25 Apr 1831  St Mary Stratford, Bow Find all individuals with events at this location   [3, 5
    Louisa Keen Viney,   b. abt 1812, Lambourne, Essex Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. abt Aug 1868, St Pancras Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Residence abt 1840 - 1842  Southgate St, Winchester Find all individuals with events at this location   [2
    • Presumed from birth place of 2 children; but not listed there with family in Jun 1841 census.
    Residence Mar 1848  Upper Berkeley St, Marylebone Find all individuals with events at this location   [6
    Occupation Mar 1851  Small portrait draughtsman  [1
    Residence Mar 1851  144½ High St, Guildford Find all individuals with events at this location   [1
    • married but wife not resid.
      4 serv.
    Occupation Apr 1861  Artist  [2
    Residence Apr 1861  2 Maria Terrace, Odessa Rd, West Ham Find all individuals with events at this location   [2
    • with sister Harriet
    Occupation Apr 1871  Minister  [7
    • Catholic Apostolic Church (Irvingite)
    Residence Apr 1871  45 Oak Village, Kentish Town Find all individuals with events at this location   [7
    • married [?], resid with sister
    Death 13 Jul 1878  45 Oak Village, Kentish Town Find all individuals with events at this location   [3, 8, 9, 10, 11
    • July 13, after a short illness, at 45, Oak Village, N.W., Frederick Tatham, aged 73, eldest son of the late C. Heathcote Tatham. [The Standard]
    Probate 29 Jul 1878  London Find all individuals with events at this location ; < £200  [11
    • Administration of the Personal Estate of Frederick Tatham late of 45 Gospel-Oak-villas Highgate in the County of Middlesex Gentleman a Widower who died 13 July 1878 at 45 Gospel-Oak-villas was granted at the Principal Registry to Herbert Tatham a Corporal in the Royal Artillery now stationed at Manchester in the County of Lancaster the Son and one of the Next of Kin. 29 July. Personal Effects under £200. [NPC]<
    Notes 
    • Frederick Tatham, sculptor, and later, portrait-painter, was b. 1805. He entered St. Paul's School, London, 5 May, 1817, aged 11. In O. Clayton's Court Guide to the Environs of London, 1830, he appears as "F. Tatham Esq., Alpha Road, Paddington," probably the residence of his father, as recorded in the Royal Blue Book, 1825:
      "Charles Heathcote Tatham Esq., 1 Queen St., Mayfair, and 35 Alpha Road, Regents Park." He resided, in 1837, at "18, Charles Street, Middlesex Hospital". He exhibited 48 pictures in the Royal Academy, London, between 1825 and 1854. When about 20 years of age he made the acquaintance and soon became the intimate friend of William Blake and his wife. His Life of William Blake is included in A.G.B. Russell's "Letters of William Blake", 1906. In Alexr. Gilchrist's Life and Works of William Blake, 2 vols., ed. 1880, it is recorded, Vol.I., pp.405, 407, 411, that William Blake died Sunday, 12 August and was buried Friday, 17 August, 1827, Fredk. Tatham, though ill, travelling ninety miles to attend the funeral at Bunhill Fields. Others present, noted by Fredk. Tatham in his Life of Blake, being his brother, the future Clergyman, Arthur Tatham, Mr. [George] Richmond, painter, and Mr. Calvert, of Brixton, painter and Engraver. A month after her husband's death, Mrs. Blake, at Mr. Linnell's invitation, took up her abode at his house in Cirencester Place, in part fulfilment of the old friendly scheme. There she remained some 9 months, quitting in the summer of 1828 to take charge of Mr. Tatham's chambers. Finally she removed into humble lodgings at No.17 Upper Charlotte Street, Fitzroy Square, in which she continued until her death; still under the wing, as it were, of this last named friend. Mr. and Mrs. [Fredk.] Tatham were sent for by Mrs. Blake, when she was taken mortally ill, and she died in Mrs. Tatham's arms, 18 Oct., 1831. It would appear, from the facts recorded by Gilchrist, therefore, that Mrs. Blake removed from Fredk. Tatham's chambers on his marriage, and to lodgings almost certainly near at hand; thus suggesting that Tatham sometime before the marriage lived at No. 12 Charles Street, Middlesex Hospital, where he is known to have resided 1836-7, from Alpha Road, his address in 1829, when the information would have been collected for the 1830 edn. of Clayton's Court Guide. We can conclude that Fredk. Tatham was married between the end of 1828 and 1831, i.e., probably c. 1829-1830. The account is rather more vague in Tatham's Life of Blake, mentioned in the text. He says that after the death of her husband, Mrs. Blake "resided for some time with the author of this [i.e., Frederick Tatham], whose domestic arrangements were entirely undertaken by her until such changes took place that rendered it impossible for her strength to continue in this voluntary office of sincere and affectionate regard. She then returned to the lodging in which she had lived previously to this act of maternal loveliness, in which she continued until she was decayed by fretting and devoured by the silent worm of grief." [Curtis]
    • Born 1805. Eldest son of Charles Heathcote Tatham He was a sculptor and portrait painter. Educated at St. Paul's School, London. He exhibited 48 pictures in the Royal Academy. He painted the watercolour portrait of his father. He was an intimate friend of William Blake and his wife. When William Blake died he looked after Mrs. Blake. He wrote a book on the life of Blake (A copy is in possession of George Tatham, Ladysmith.) After Mrs. Blake died Frederick inherited a large number of unsold drawings and copper plates. "He also came in for a considerable quantity of M.S. material, the greater part of which he unhappily destroyed on conscientious grounds, having been told by certain members of the Catholic Apostolic Church, to which he belonged, that many dangerous and pernicious doctrines were contained in them". This action was deplored by literary circles of his time. [TFSA]
    • Frederick Tatham was born in 1805. He was the son of the architect Charles Heathcote-Tatham (1773-1842). His sister Julia eloped with her cousin, the artist George Richmond. Frederick was a sculptor, portrait painter and painter of miniatures. Art drew him to William Blake and he, together with other artists like Samuel Palmer, Welby Sherman and George Richmond, formed a group of painters, calling themselves 'The Ancients'. They looked upon Blake as a seer, or Old Testament prophet come to life. Their admiration for early Renaissance art and their belief in the superiority of ancient over modern humanity, led them to form that artistic brotherhood, to which Edward Calvert and Francis Oliver Finch also belonged. Tatham's works were characterised by their imitation of stiff early Renaissance styles, in the manner of the Shoreham Ancients, although his later work became more conventional. In a letter, Tatham describes Blake as: 'Child­like, impetuous, fiery, indom­it­able, proud and ­humble.' After Blake's death in 1827, his destitute widow, Catherine Sophia Boucher appointed Frederick Tatham his literary and artistic executor. He has subsequently been dubbed a villain by historians and scholars alike for what he did with Blake's works. According to Michael Rossetti, brother of Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Tatham was 'beset' by 'Swedenborgians, Irvingites, or other extreme sectaries', and compelled to thrust 'a gag into the piteous mouth of Blake's corpse'. What they feared was that Blake's paintings, manuscripts and engravings would disclose his intense, frequently obsessive and occasionally pornographic interest in sex. Blake left many drawings and manuscripts containing his most explicit sexual, religious and political expressions. Tatham felt obliged to destroy these. The loss was irreparable. Joined by Blake's friend John Linnell, Tatham erased the offending words or images. When that proved impracticable, they resorted to a fig leaf. Blake's original nude self-portrait for his Milton exhibited an erect and oddly blackened penis. One of Blake's descendants mitigated the shock caused by the poet's proud member, by drawing a pair of knickers over it. Modern technology has restored much of this censored material, and what emerges is a vivid recognition that for Blake, sex was at the centre of his spiritual and domestic life. Catherine nominally worked for Tatham as his housekeeper, but after she died four years later, in the arms of Frederick's wife Louisa, much of Blake's work and many of his plates came into Tatham's possession. He claimed that these had been left to him by Mrs Blake, but there was no evidence to support such a claim. If such a bequest occurred it was probably oral. That claim brought him into conflict with Linnell, who insisted that Blake's sister should have inherited them. Tatham also tried to extract paintings that Linnell owned, despite the fact that he had paid Blake for them. Shortly afterwards Tatham joined a millenarian sect, becoming a follower of the preacher Edward Irving, who momentarily captured the attention of London's chattering classes. At that time, Tatham's religious dogmatism led him to destroy a significant number of Blake's works in the belief that they had been inspired by the Devil. Tatham later wrote his Life of Blake and whilst he certainly knew the man better any other Blake biographer, that eccentric work suffered from his own inability to understand the nature of Blake's genius. He also edited and published The Letters of William Blake. He is known to have reprinted a number of copies of the Songs of Innocence and of Experience in the 1830s. Tatham certainly sold up to 200 of Blake's works, some of them to the British Museum. However, he fell on hard times and went from living in Mayfair, attended by four servants, to renting a house in unfashionable Gospel Oak. He rented the house with his sister Harriet and three daughters. Apart from one daughter who was a draper's assistant, Tatham was the only breadwinner - earning a pittance as minister of a church in Kentish Town. His sculpture and portrait studio closed and like his father, he too eventually went bankrupt. As his financial fortunes declined, Tatham sold off more and more of Blake's work to support his family. He died at Gospel Oak in 1878 at the age of 73. His marble bust of John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon (1830) may be found in the collection of the National Portrait Gallery in London. [Biographies of British Artists, London Atelier of Representational Art, website accessed 02 Mar 2012]
    Person ID I0840  Tatham | Heathcote branch | Descendant - male line
    Last Modified 17 Oct 2012 

    Father Charles Heathcote Tatham,   b. 08 Feb 1772, Duke St, Westminster Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Apr 1842, Trinity Hospital, Greenwich Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 70 years) 
    Mother Harriet Williams,   b. 18 Jan 1780, London Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Jan 1834, Montpelier Square, Brompton Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 53 years) 
    Marriage 23 Oct 1801  St Martin in the Fields, Westminster Find all individuals with events at this location   [3, 12, 13
    Charles Heathcote Tatham & Harriet Williams
    Charles Heathcote Tatham & Harriet Williams
    Marriage register
    Association Family: Henry Tatham/Mary Ann Williams (F0285) (Relationship: 2 bro = 2 sis ) 
    Notes 
    • youngest 6 children all baptized at Christ Church, Marylebone, on 19 Jul 1831, aged 7 to 18.
    Photos
    Charles Heathcote Tatham & Harriet Williams
    Charles Heathcote Tatham & Harriet Williams
    "Charles Heathcote Tatham, Architect, aged 43 and his wife Harriet aged 35. Picture was painted by Thomas Heaphy Esq in 1815. My dearest Mother died Jan 17th 1834 [in fact Jan 13th] aged 54. Arthur Tatham."
    Family ID F0252  Family Group Sheet

    Family Louisa Keen Viney,   b. abt 1812, Lambourne, Essex Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. abt Aug 1868, St Pancras Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 56 years) 
    Marriage 25 Apr 1831  St Mary Stratford, Bow Find all individuals with events at this location   [3, 5
    • Marriages solemnized in the Parish of St Mary Stratford, Bow, in the County of Middlesex in the Year 1831. Page 179. No. 27.
      Frederick Tatham, of this Parish, Bachelor, and Louisa Keen Viney, of this Parish, Spinster, were married in this Church by banns this Twenty Fifth Day of April in the Year One Thousand Eight Hundred and Thirty One By me John Stock. This Marriage was solemnized between us: Frederick Tatham, Louisa Keen Viney. In the presence of: Henry Brooke Marriott, James Harris.
    Frederick Tatham & Louisa Viney
    Frederick Tatham & Louisa Viney
    Marriage register
    Children 
    +1. Herbert Tatham,   b. 28 Feb 1838, Middlesex Hospital, Marylebone Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Oct 1900, London, ON Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years)
     2. Gertrude Tatham,   b. abt Nov 1840, Winchester Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. abt Nov 1905, Kensington Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 65 years)
     3. Frederica Tatham,   b. abt Nov 1842, Winchester Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. abt Feb 1918, Barnet Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 75 years)
     4. Cyril Ambrose Tatham,   b. abt Nov 1845, Marylebone Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Mar 1848, Upper Berkeley St, Marylebone Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 2 years)
     5. Beatrice Tatham,   b. abt May 1848, Marylebone Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. est 1886, Canada? Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 37 years)
    Last Modified 01 Jan 2012 
    Family ID F0356  Family Group Sheet

  • Event Map Click to display
    Link to Google MapsBirth - 31 Jul 1805 - 103 Park St, Mayfair Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsEducation - abt 1811 - 1815 - St Paul's School, Cheapside, London Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - bef 1830 - Alpha Rd, Regents Park Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - aft 1830 - 12 Charles St, Marylebone Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarriage - < - 25 Apr 1831 - St Mary Stratford, Bow Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarriage - 25 Apr 1831 - St Mary Stratford, Bow Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - abt 1840 - 1842 - Southgate St, Winchester Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - Mar 1848 - Upper Berkeley St, Marylebone Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - Mar 1851 - 144½ High St, Guildford Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - Apr 1861 - 2 Maria Terrace, Odessa Rd, West Ham Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - Apr 1871 - 45 Oak Village, Kentish Town Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDeath - 13 Jul 1878 - 45 Oak Village, Kentish Town Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsProbate - < £200 - 29 Jul 1878 - London Link to Google Earth
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  • Histories
    Frederick Tatham (1805-1878)
    Frederick Tatham (1805-1878)
    Letter to his brother Robert Bristow Tatham (1824-1881)
    For copyright or privacy reasons, access is restricted.

  • Sources 
    1. [S01] Census, UK, 1851.
      age 46 b London

    2. [S01] Census, UK, 1861.
      age 55

    3. [S04] H Curtis: Notes for a Pedigree of the Tathams of Co. Durham.

    4. [S63] Gill Tatham.

    5. [S06] Parish Registers, marriages, St Mary, Stratford, Bow, 25 Apr 1831.

    6. [S06] Parish Registers, burials, St Mary, Paddington Green, 14 Mar 1848.
      son Cyril

    7. [S01] Census, UK, 1871.

    8. [S11] Newspaper, The Standard, 22 Jul 1878.
      death notice

    9. [S02] BMD Index, death reg Pancras, 3Q1878.
      age 73

    10. [S28] Family Bible, Heathcote Tatham.

    11. [S14] National Probate Calendar.

    12. [S06] Parish Registers, marriages, St Martin-in-the-Fields, 23 Oct 1801.

    13. [S53] Marriage Licence, 16 Oct 1801.